Valium is a benzodiazepine (diazepam). Diazepam is thought to work by boosting the activity of specific brain neurotransmitters. Valium is a prescription drug used to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, and muscle spasms and stiffness. Valium is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.
When using Valium, follow your doctor’s recommendations. Read all medication instructions and follow the directions on your prescription label. From time to time, your doctor may change your dosage. Never take more diazepam than advised or stay on it for longer than necessary. Tell your doctor if you feel compelled to take more of this drug.
Never give this medicine to anybody else, especially if they have a history of substance abuse or addiction. Misuse can lead to addiction, overdose, and death. Place the medicine in a safe place where no one else will be able to get it. It is against the law to sell or distribute this drug. Valium should be used just for a short amount of time. Do not use this drug for more than 4 months without consulting your doctor. Do not stop using this drug suddenly, even if you feel good. Stopping suddenly might cause additional seizures or unpleasant withdrawal symptoms. Follow your doctor’s instructions for decreasing your dose.
Chronic usage (even at therapeutic levels) can lead to physical dependency, which can lead to withdrawal or rebound symptoms if the medication is stopped.
Drowsiness, weariness, muscular weakness, and ataxia were the most often reported side effects. There have also been reports of the following:
- Confusion, sadness, dysarthria, headache, slurred speech, tremor, and vertigo are all symptoms of the Central Nervous System.
- Constipation, nausea, and gastrointestinal disorders are all symptoms of the gastrointestinal system.
- Blurred vision, diplopia, and dizziness are examples of special senses.
- Hypotension is a condition that affects the cardiovascular system.
- Stimulation, restlessness, acute hyperexcited states, anxiety, agitation, aggression, irritability, wrath, hallucinations, psychoses, delusions, increased muscular stiffness, insomnia, sleep problems, and nightmares are some of the psychiatric and paradoxical reactions. When taking benzodiazepines, inappropriate conduct and other negative behavioural consequences have been recorded. If any of these side effects develop, the medicine should be stopped. Children and the elderly are particularly susceptible to them.
- Incontinence, libido fluctuations, and urine retention are all symptoms of the urogenital system.
- Skin and Appendages: Reactions to the Skin Elevated transaminases and alkaline phosphatase .
- Changes in salivation, such as dry mouth and hyper- salivation.
- Antegrade amnesia can develop while taking therapeutic doses, with the risk increasing as the dose is increased. Amnestic effects have been linked to erroneous conduct.
- Minor alterations in EEG patterns, mainly low-voltage rapid activity, have been reported in patients during and after Valium medication, although they are unrelated to the drug.
- Periodic blood counts and liver function tests are recommended during long-term therapy due to rare instances of neutropenia and jaundice.
- Experience with Post-Marketing: Falls and fractures have been reported in benzodiazepine users, as well as poisoning and procedural complications. Those taking sedatives (including alcohol) at the same time are at higher risk, as are the elderly.